https://journal.unilak.ac.id/index.php/jip/issue/feed Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian 2018-11-13T15:26:30+07:00 Surtinah surtinah@unilak.ac.id Open Journal Systems <p>Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian terbit dua kali dalam setahun yaitu pada bulan februari dan Agustus dan memiliki ISSN (Print) 1829-8346 dan ISSN (Online) 2502-5988</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> https://journal.unilak.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/1477 ANALISIS NERACA AIR LAHAN DI SUB DAS KRUENG JREUE KABUPATEN ACEH BESAR 2018-11-13T15:26:30+07:00 MAWARDIANA MAWARDIANA ugadeng@yahoo.co.id HELMI HASAN BASRI ugadeng@yahoo.co.id TARMIZI TARMIZI ugadeng@yahoo.co.id <p>Krueng Aceh River Basin area (Krueng Jreue Sub-watershed) is a critical watershed, including a priority basin I of 23,218.06 ha. The research was conducted in Krueng Aceh River Basin (DAS), Krueng Jreue Sub-district of Aceh Besar. The study was conducted from December 2015 to February 2016. The research used Descriptive method with field survey and analysis in labotarium. This study aims to analyze the water balance of land in Krueng Jreue Sub-watershed. The methods used in the calculation of the water balance are Thornthwaite &amp; Mather (1957). The results showed that the average water availability in Krueng Jreue Sub-watersheds on the highest land use varieties was found in November and the lowest in July. The rainfall surplus occurred from October to April (7 months) and the deficit occurred from May to September (5 months). In various types of land use, ground water averages are quite available from October to May (8 months), while less available in June until September (4 months). The highest percentage of groundwater was found in the primary forest (47.20%), while the lowest was in the bush (36.36%)</p> 2018-08-01T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.unilak.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/1478 KORELASI FENOTYPE DAN HASIL JAGUNG MANIS (Zea mays saccharata, Sturt) DI KECAMATAN RUMBAI PEKANBARU 2018-11-13T15:26:30+07:00 SURTINAH SURTINAH surtinah@unilak.ac.id <p>The purpose of this research is to know the relationship between vegetative growth with sweet corn produced in experimental garden of Faculty of Agriculture Unilak. The environmental design used was a complete randomized design with 20 replications. Data analysis using correlation analysis. The parameters observed were plant height, leaf number, leaf length, leaf width, weight of cob weighing, cob weight without cornhusk, length of cob weighing, length of cob without cornhusk. The results showed that plant height, leaf number, and leaf width were significantly correlated with unbalanced cob weight, and correlated significantly with the length of cobs weighing and length of cobs without cornhusk. Plant height, leaf number, and leaf width did not give a significant correlation to the weight of cobs weighing. Weight of cobs weighing with unobstructed weight of cobs without real correlated weight, and long cobs without weight with weightlessness showed no real correlation.</p> 2018-08-01T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.unilak.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/1479 EFISIENSI PUPUK POSFAT AKIBAT KOMBINASI INOKULASI MIKORIZA ARBUSKULA (FMA)-SP-36TERHADAP ARSITEKSTUR AKAR KELAPA SAWIT (Elaeis quineensis Jacq) DI MAIN NURSERY 2018-11-13T15:26:30+07:00 SRI UTAMI LESTARI uutsolo76@gmail.com MURYANTO MURYANTO uutsolo76@gmail.com ENNY MUTRYARNY uutsolo76@gmail.com <p>Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh kombinasi Fungi Mikoriza Arbuskula (FMA) – Pupuk SP-36 terhadap pertumbuhan tanaman kelapa sawit (Elaeis guineensis Jacq) di main nursery. Rancangan yang digunakan pada penelitian ini disusun dalam Rancangan Acak Lengkap (RAL) non faktorial, yang terdiri dari 9 (sembilan) taraf dan3 (tiga) ulangan. Data hasil pengamatan dianalisis dengan menggunakan sidik ragam, apabila F hitung ≥ F table 5% maka dilakukan uji lanjut dengan Duncant Multiple Range Test (DMRT) pada taraf 5%. Parameter yang diamati dalam penelitian ini adalah tinggi tanaman (cm), jumlah daun (helai), panjang akar (cm), jumlah akar lateral (helai), luas daun (cm2) dan diameter batang (cm), arsitektur akar, serapan P. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pemberian kombinaSI FMA dan Pupuk SP-36 berpengaruh bernyata terhadap tinngi tanaman, luas daun dan panjang akar, namun tidak berpengaruh nyata terhadap parameter jumlah daun, dan jumlah akar lateral. Hasil terbaik pemberian kombinasi FMA dan Pupuk SP-36 terdadap ada taraf perlakuan M4 dengan dosis FMA 15 gram/polybag dan dosis 2,25 gram/polybag. Kombinasi antara inokulasi FMA dan Pupuk SP-36 mempengaruhi arsitektur akar bibit kelapa sawi di main nursery, Kombinasi antara inokulasi FMA dan Pupuk SP-36 mempengaruhi serapan P tanaman kelapa sawit di main nursery</p> 2018-08-01T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.unilak.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/1480 PENGARUH PEMBERIAN Trichoderma Sp UNTUK MENGENDALIKAN PENYAKIT LAYU FUSARIUM PADA BEBERAPA JENIS PISANG DI LAHAN YANG TELAH TERINFEKSI 2018-11-13T15:26:30+07:00 BUKHARI BUKHARI bukharimp@gmail.com NURYULSEN SAFRIDAR bukharimp@gmail.com <p>The experimental design used was a 4x4 factorial with 2 replications in a randomized block design (RAK) pattern. The first factor is the Type of Banana (J) consisting of 4 levels: J1 (Raja Banana ), J2 (Ambon Banana), J3 (Barangan Banana) and J4 (Geupok Banana). The second factor was the mixing of Trichoderma Sp with organic manure aplication (D) consisting of 4 levels: D0 (without trichoderma sp), D1 (200 g trichoderma sp in 4 kg manure), D2 (200 gr trichoderma sp in 8 kg manure), and D3 (200 gr trichoderma sp in 12 kg manure). Observations made include: Intensity of Fusarium oxysporum wilting attack, number of leaves, Leaf length and stem diameeter. The results showed that the type of banana had a very significant effect on the intensity of fusarium oxysporum wilt disease and the number of leaves, but no significant effect on the length and diameter of the stem. Barangan Bananas and Ambon Bananas show stronger resilience (more resistant to fusarium oxysporum wilt disease). While the Raja Banana and Geupok Bananas look more sensitive to the attack of the disease. The mixing of Trichoderma Sp with organic manure also significantly influenced the intensity of fusarium oxysporum wilt disease, number of banana leaf and leaf length, but no significant effect on stem diameter. The best dose is found in treatment D1, but not different from D2. An increase in the amount of organic matter manure</p> 2018-08-01T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.unilak.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/1481 STIMULASI HASIL MELON ( Cucumis melo, L) DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN BIOTO GROW GOLD (BGG) 2018-11-13T15:26:30+07:00 SAHINDAH ARITONANG surtinah@unilak.ac.id SURTINAH SURTINAH surtinah@unilak.ac.id <p>The experiment was conducted experimentally using non-factorial Randomized Design (RAL) with 5 (five) treatment levels without Bioto Grow Gold, Bioto Grow Gold 1 ml liter-1 water, Bioto Grow Gold 2 ml liter -1 water, giving Bioto Grow Gold 3 ml liter-1 water and giving Bioto Grow Gold 4 ml liter-1 water. The data analysis used variance and continued with a different test of Duncan treatment average at p 0.05. The results showed that BGG treatment had the significant effect on leaf length, leaf width, stem diameter, flowering age, fruit circumference, fruit weight, a thickness of flesh and sugar content of melon fruit. The best treatment is giving Bioto Grow Gold 3 ml liter-1 water.</p> 2018-08-01T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.unilak.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/1487 PEMANFAATAN BIOCHAR SEKAM DAN KOMPOS JERAMI PADI TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN DAN PRODUKSI PADI (Oryza sativa) PADA TANAH ORDO ULTISOL 2018-11-13T15:26:29+07:00 WELLY HERMAN welly_herman@yahoo.com ELARA RESIGIA welly_herman@yahoo.com <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>The aim of this study were (1) to determine the effect of rice husk biochar and rice straw compost on growth and production rice (Oryza sativa) and (2) to determine the ability of rice husk biochar and rice straw compost in providing nutrients to Ultisol. The research was carried out February – July 2018 in Sungai Abang Village, Lubuk Alung Regency, Padang Pariaman. Research applied Random Group Design with &nbsp;5 treatment : 0% Rice husk biochar + 0% Rice straw compost, 100% Rice husk biochar + 0% Rice straw compost, 75% Rice husk biochar + 25% Rice straw compost, 50% Biochar rice husk + 50% Rice straw compost and 25% Rice husk biochar + 75% Rice straw compost. Observations were made on soil and crops including initial soil analyzes ie before treatment was given, soil analysis after incubation, and final soil analysis (pH, N-total, P-available, K-dd, Ca-dd, Mg-dd and Sulfur) and plant observations include plant height, the &nbsp;productive of tiller, total of tiller &nbsp;and weight of grain per hectare. From the research that has been done can be concluded (1) the use of rice husk biochar and rice straw compost affect the growth and production of rice plants seen in the treatment of 75% rice husk biochar + 25% Rice Straw rice husk biochar with the number of productive tillers of 29 tillers and production of rice plants as much as 8,238 tons / ha and (2) the use of rice husk biochar and rice straw compost is able to provide nutrients in Ultisol indicated by increasing pH, N, P, K, Ca, Mg and S.</em></p> 2018-08-01T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## https://journal.unilak.ac.id/index.php/jip/article/view/1490 VARIABILITAS FENOTIPIK TANAMAN GAMBIR DI DESA TANJUNG, KECAMATAN KOTO KAMPAR HULU KABUPATEN KAMPAR 2018-11-13T15:26:01+07:00 SEPRITA LIDAR sepritaldr@unilak.ac.id ENNY MUTRYARNY sepritaldr@unilak.ac.id TRISIA WULANTIKA sepritaldr@unilak.ac.id <p><strong>ABSTRACT</strong></p> <p><em>&nbsp;</em></p> <p><em>Gambier is one commodity that is worth people's plantation economy and prospective for higher developed commercially in the future. Riau Province gambir Subdistrict where producers including the Gambier plantation had the most extensive is a subdistrict of Koto Kampar Kampar Regency acres 4,104 Upstream Research entitled "analysis ofthe Phenotypic variability of Gambir Plant in the village of Tanjung, Kec. Koto Kampar, Kampar Regency of Hulu "has been conducted in March - April 2018, research method using the method of purposive sampling, the samples taken 30 accession later analysis of similarity using the ntsys program ver 2.02. Obtained Results narrow Variability on all character observations. Similarity coefficient gambir accessions ranged from 0.33-0.93.</em></p> <p><strong><em>Keywords</em></strong><em>:&nbsp;Gambir, Variability ,Germplasm,&nbsp;Phenotypic Characterization</em></p> 2018-08-01T00:00:00+07:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##