HUBUNGAN KEKERABATAN BAHASA MELAYU RIAU DAN DIALEK AKIT (SEBUAH PENDEKATAN HISTORIS)
The research attempted to describe the kinship relationship between Riau Malay language and Akit dialect, a historical approach. This research was conducted in Padang Island, Kepulauan Meranti regency, using 200 Swadesh’s basic vocabulary as an analytical material, both lexicon equations were found about 80% by comparison of identical. The method used was descriptive-qualitative. The data was collected by using cakap method and simak method. The data analysis applies agih method with deletion technique, substitution technique. The data used was spoken language. The data was collected by using questionnaire, interviews, observation, and intuition methods. The source of data was Malay language Akit dialect. The result of the research showed that even though there are 80% similarities of both languages but there are some Akit words that still different from Malay language. These vocabularies must be preserved if it will not be lost in time since they are familiar with technology, many of their vocabularies are no longer used and they tend to use the Malay vocabularies.
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