Social Attitudes, Environmental Factors, and Laws-Institutions Impacts on School Dropouts: Case Studies in Sumba Island

  • Marianus Yufrinalis Universitas Nusa Nipa, Maumere, Indonesia
  • Stefanus Igolois Grenga Uran Universitas Nusa Nipa, Maumere, Indonesia
Keywords: Access to education, School dropouts, Social attitudes, Environmental Factors, Laws-Institutions


This research is based on the fact that most children in West Sumba and Central Sumba are forced to drop out of school for various very crucial reasons. The purpose of this study refers to efforts to identify various factors that influence the high dropout rate. The collected data shows that the number of primary school dropouts in West Sumba was 151 students (0.76%) from 18,772 primary school students in the regency. The highest number was in the Lamboya and Tanarighu districts, making up 2.02% and 1.06%, respectively. The percentage is even lower for secondary school dropouts, which is 0.006% of the total of 13,368 junior high school students in West Sumba. The percentage of school dropouts at the primary schools in the Central Sumba Regency is 0.72%. From the collected data, the highest dropout rates are in the districts of Mamboro (1.28%). The percentage of secondary school dropouts in Central Sumba is 2.14%. The highest numbers were in the districts of Umbu Ratu Nggay Barat (3.61%), Katikutana Selatan (2.42%), Katikutana (2.04%), Mamboro (1.70%), and Umbu Ratu Nggay (1.21%). From the information above, the highest dropout rates for primary and secondary schools are in Umbu Ratu Nggay Barat and Katikutana Selatan districts. The main factors causing the high dropout rate in these two districts are Social Attitudes, Environmental Factors, and Laws and Institutions


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Author Biographies

Marianus Yufrinalis, Universitas Nusa Nipa, Maumere, Indonesia

Marianus Yufrinalis is a senior lecturer at Nusa Nipa Indonesia University, specializing in Basic Socio-Cultural Sciences, Environmental Education, and Educational Philosophy. He received his degrees in Philosophy and Sociology from STFK Ledalero and Gadjah Mada University, respectively. Marianus is committed to providing his students with a comprehensive and engaging educational experience and is actively involved in social and community initiatives. In addition to his academic work, Marianus is actively involved in community outreach programs that promote environmental sustainability and social justice. His dedication to making a positive impact in society has earned him the respect and admiration of his peers and students alike.

Stefanus Igolois Grenga Uran, Universitas Nusa Nipa, Maumere, Indonesia

The author is a distinguished Lecturer with expertise in Basic Socio-Cultural Sciences, Environmental Education, and Educational Philosophy. Currently, the author teaches at the Primary Education Department of Nusa Nipa Indonesia University in Maumere, Flores, where they bring a wealth of knowledge and experience to the classroom.  Throughout their academic journey, the author has demonstrated a passion for education and a dedication to advancing knowledge in their field. Their research interests include Basic Socio-Cultural Sciences, Environmental Education, and Educational Philosophy, and they have published numerous articles and papers in leading academic journals. 


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How to Cite
Yufrinalis, M., & Uran, S. I. G. (2023). Social Attitudes, Environmental Factors, and Laws-Institutions Impacts on School Dropouts: Case Studies in Sumba Island. Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, 5(1), 45-60.
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