The Language of Learning: Exploring How Family and Instructional Communication Drive English Education Context

  • Yetty Faridatul Ulfah Islamic Institute of Mamba’ul ‘Ulum, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Faruq Alhasbi Islamic Institute of Mamba’ul ‘Ulum, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Farchan Bachtiar Islamic Institute of Mamba’ul ‘Ulum, Surakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: English education, Family communication, Instructional communication, Learning interest, Learning motivation


Existing studies insufficiently addresses the combined impact of family and instructional communication on English learning motivation among eleventh graders. This study aims to cover this overlooked area by looking into how these types of communication, along with what students intend to learn, impact their motivation to learn English. The study involved 130 participants who were eleventh-grade students at SMA AL Islam 1 Surakarta. Purposive sampling was utilized, with the use of the Slovin formula. The data were analysed by applying the Smart-PLS application to conduct variance-based structural equation modelling (SEM). The research findings indicate that family communication impacts students' interest in learning, shown by the p-value at a level below 0.05, and the t-statistic (4.527) with a coefficient of 0.284.  However, family communication does not appear to have an effect on their English learning motivation shown by the failure to meet the p-value requirements of more than 0.05, and the t-statistics (0.676) is not greater than the t-table with a coefficient of only 0.042. These data showed family communication boosts learning interest but not directly English learning motivation. Teacher instruction increases interest without directly affecting motivation. Learning intention acts as a vital mediator, linking communication efforts to motivation enhancement. The study highlights the intricate roles family and teacher communications play in motivating English learning, primarily through the mediating effect of learning intentions. It suggests the need for holistic approaches to study and improve educational strategies for motivation.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Yetty Faridatul Ulfah, Islamic Institute of Mamba’ul ‘Ulum, Surakarta, Indonesia

Yetty Faridatul Ulfah is a senior lecturer with a rich background in English Literature, Linguistics, and Islamic Education Management. Earning her bachelor's degree in 2010 and master's in 2013 from Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, she later completed her Doctorate in Islamic Education Management in 2023. Since 2016, Yetty has been an influential lecturer in Solo, now tenured at IIM Surakarta, where she also oversees the Language Development Center Unit. With a focus on English for Specific Purposes and Education Management. 

Faruq Alhasbi, Islamic Institute of Mamba’ul ‘Ulum, Surakarta, Indonesia

Faruq Alhasbi holds a Bachelor's degree in Communication Science from Sunan Kalijaga State Islamic University, obtained in 2016, and a Master's degree in the same field from Diponegoro University, completed in 2019. His professional journey began before completing his undergraduate degree, serving as a communications and brand consultant from 2014 to 2018. He then transitioned into the role of a content writer from 2019 to 2021. Since 2021, Faruq has been actively engaged in research and teaching, with interests spanning strategic communication, cultural and media studies, and education.

Farchan Bachtiar, Islamic Institute of Mamba’ul ‘Ulum, Surakarta, Indonesia

Farchan Bachtiar is an inspiring college student deeply immersed in the study of Islamic Broadcasting Communication at the esteemed Dakwah Faculty within the Islamic Institute of Mamba’ul ‘Ulum Surakarta. Since embarking on this academic journey in 2020, Farchan has dedicated himself to mastering the intricacies of communication from an Islamic perspective. His commitment to his studies reflects a broader aspiration to contribute meaningfully to the field, aiming to bridge cultural and religious understanding through the power of broadcast media.


Alhasbi, F., et al. (2023). Pengantar ilmu komunikasi (1st ed.). Tahta Media Group.

Amin, A., et al. (2021). Parental communication increases student learning motivation in Elementary Schools. International Journal of Elementary Education, 5(4), 622.

Amiruddin, A., et al. (2021). Islamic education teacher communication strategy in increasing students’ learning interest. International Journal of Contemporary Islamic Education, 3(1), 41–61.

Anužienė, B., et al. (2020). Dynamics of learning motivation/ De-Motivation in the context of teachers’ competencies in learning motivation. Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference, 1, 26.

Anto, R. P., et al. (2023). Metode penelitian kualitatif: Teori dan penerapannya. Penerbit Tahta Media.

Bahri, S. (2019). Pengaruh pendidikan orang tua dan motivasi belajar terhadap prestasi belajar Bahasa Inggris siswa (Survey pada SD Negeri di Kabupaten Lebak). Jurnal Pendidikan Dasar Setiabudhi, 2(2), 2019.

Borah, M. (2021). Journal of critical reviews motivation in learning. Journal of Critical Review, 8(02), 550–552.

Darmawan, S. (2018). Pengaruh lingkungan sekolah, peran guru dan minat belajar siswa terhadap motivasi belajar penjas SD Inpres Buttatianang I Makassar. Jurnal Muara Pendidikan, 3(2), 103-111.

Darwin, M., et al. (2021). Metode penelitian pendekatan kuantitatif kualitatif (Issue Juni). CV. Media Sains Indonesia.

Dharmawan, D. D., et al. (2023). Pengaruh komunikasi orang tua terhadap motivasi belajar anak di SMP Negeri 4 Kota Jambi. Jurnal Pendidikan Tambusai, 7(1), 2831-2836.

Duta, N., et al. (2015). The effective communication in teaching. Diagnostic study regarding the academic learning motivation to students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 186(May), 1007–1012.

Firdausi, I. A. (2018). Komunikasi instruksional Di Kelas Yoga Club hHealth Fatimah Kota Serang. LONTAR: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 6(2), 139.

Gan, Z., & Yang, C. C. R. (2018). How prepared are the preservice ESL teachers to teach: Insights from university supervisor feedback. Journal of Asia TEFL, 15(1), 99–117.

Hair, J. F., et al. (2018). Multivariate data analysis (8th ed.). Cengage Learning EMEA.

Hair, J. F., et al. (2020). Assessing measurement model quality in PLS-SEM using confirmatory composite analysis. Journal of Business Research, 109(November 2019), 101–110.

Hayes, A. F. (2022). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis (3rd ed., Issue 1). Guilford Press.

Herawati, F., et al. (2022). Hubungan motivasi dengan minat belajar Bahasa Inggris pada siswa siswi di MA Al-Istiqomah Kabupaten Tangerang Tahun 2020. Nusantara Hasana Journal, 1(11), 22–32.

Jagtap, P. (2016). Teachers role as facilitator in learning. Scholary Research Journal for Humanity Science and English Language, 3, 3903–3905.

Jefri & Nurjanah. (2022). Pengaruh kompetensi komunikasi instruksional terhadap prestasi akademik peserta didik melalui minat belajar. Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 11(1).

Joko. (2018). Komunikasi instruksional guru dalam menumbuhkan motivasi belajar siswa (Studi Komunikator Pada SMPN 5 KENDARI). Widya Komunika, 8(2).

Kamuh, R. (2016). Peran komunikasi keluarga dalam meningkatkan motivasi belajar anak usia sekolah di Desa Bongkudai Timur Kecamatan Mooat Kabupaten Bolaang Mongondow Timur. Acta Diurna Komunikasi, 5(5). DOI:

Khansir, A. A., & Dehkordi, F. G. (2020). The role of motivation in teaching and learning process. Интернаука, 13(42–2), 41–42.

Littlejohn, S., Foss, K. A., & Oetzel, J. G. (n.d.). Theories of human communication. Waveland Press, Inc.

Mohibu, A. (2015). Peranan komunikasi orang tua dalam meningkatkan minat belajar anak. E-Journal “Acta Diurna,” 4(4), 1–6.

Moyi, J. I. A., et al. (2020). The power of teacher supportive communication: Effects on students’ positive emotions and engagement in learning. Northwest Journal of Communication, 48(1), 9–36.

Mustafa, M. N., et al. (2018). The significance of language motivation learning: Correlation analysis. Advanced Science Letters, 24(11), 8380-838.

Mutiah, & Utami, D. (2020). Instructional communication between teachers and children with different abilities in the inclusion school. Atlantis Press, 377–381.

Mutiara, N. U., & Sobandi, A. (2018). Iklim sekolah sebagai determinan minat belajar siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Manajemen Perkantoran, 3(1), 218.

Nadia, R. P., & Delliana, S. (2020). Peran komunikasi antara guru dan murid dalam membangun minat belajar di Komunitas Jendela Jakarta. Jurnal Komunikasi, 14(1), 83–94.

Narca, M. L., & Caballes, D. G. (2021). Learning motivation: Strategies to increase students' engagement in online learning at San Sebastian College-Recoletos, Manila. International Journal of Asian Education, 2(4), 573–580.

Nurhasanah, S., & Sobandi, A. (2016). Minat belajar sebagai determinan hasil selajar siswa. Jurnal Pendidikan Manajemen Perkantoran, 1(1), 128.

Prihatin, Y. (2019). The practice of English language teaching in Indonesia. Proceeding ISBN: 1st National Seminar of PBI (English Language Education), 25–33.

Priyanda, R., et al. (2022). Metodologi penelitian kuantitatif. Pradina Pustaka.

Pumhiran, N., & Thanavisuth, C. (2022). A comparative study of students’ motivation and perception of parental encouragement for learning English. In AU hybrid International Conference 2024 on" Entrepreneurship & Sustainability in the Digital Era" under the theme of" People Centric Knowledge in Intelligence World" (Vol. 3, No. 1, pp. 229-241).

Putri, Y. L., & Rifai, A. (2019). Pengaruh sikap dan minat belajar terhadap motivasi belajar peserta didik paket C. Journal of Nonformal Education and Community Empowerment, 3(2), 173–184.

Rahman, M. Z., & Rochayati, N. (2015). Pengaruh komunikasi orang tua dan motivasi belajar siswa terhadap prestasi belajar IPS (Siswa Kelas VIII SMP Negeri 2 Sakra Barat Kabupaten Lombok Timur Ntb). Paedagoria FKIP UMMat, 6(1), 61.

Rahmat, H., & Jannatin, M. (2018). Hubungan gaya mengajar guru dengan motivasi belajar siswa pada mata pelajaran Bahasa Inggris. Jurnal Jurusan PGMI, 10(2), 98–111.

Ruscher, J. B. (2017). Prejudiced communication. Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication, August 2017, 1–20.

Ryan, R., & Deci, E. (2000). Intrinsic and extrinsic motivations: Classic definitions and new directions.. Contemporary educational psychology, 25 1, 54-67 .

Sellnow, D. D., et al. (2015). Expanding the scope of instructional communication research: Looking beyond classroom contexts. Communication Studies, 66(4), 417–432.

Shintiyana, A. A. (2020). Komunikasi instruksional guru dalam meningkatkan keterampilan sosial anak berkebutuhan khusus di Sekolah Inklusif Galuh Handayani Surabaya. Commercium, 3(2), 1–11.

Sihabudin, A. (2019). Komunikasi antar budaya: Satu perspektif multidimensi (4th Edition). Bumi Aksara.

Simanjuntak, E. B., & Nainggolan, D. A. M. (2018). Hubungan komunikasi interpersonal antar anak dan orang tua dengan motivasi belajar Bahasa Inggris siswa Kelas V SD Negeri 101800 DELI TUA. Jurnal Handayani, 9(1).

Slameto. (2019). Belajar dan Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhinya (6th ed.). Jakarta: Rineka Cipta.

Sopian, A. (2016). Tugas, peran, dan fungsi guru dalam pendidikan. Raudhah proud to be professionals: Jurnal Tarbiyah Islamiyah, 1(1), 88–97.

Stockemer, D. (2018). Quantitative methods for the social sciences a practical introduction with examples in SPSS and Stata. Springer

Suhendar. (2016). The effect of interpersonal kommunication skill and vocabulary. Journal of English Language and Literature (JELL), 1(1) 81–100.

Suhendar, M. A. (2023). Pengaruh komunikasi instruksional guru terhadap motivasi belajar siswa dalam mata pelajaran matematika. Jurnal Cahaya Mandalika, 4(1), 330–343.

Surti, & Parni. (2018). Pengaruh komunikasi keluarga terhadap motivasi belajar peserta didik kelas VI Di Madrasah Ibtidaiyah Swasta Al-Hikmah Sidang Kecamatan Tebas. Tahun pelajaran 2020/2021. Cross-Border, 1(2), 163–174.

Syafrina, A. E. (2022). Pengaruh komunikasi keluarga terhadap motivasi belajar mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Komunikasi Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya. Jurnal Communicator Sphere, 2(2), 83–89.

Thadi, R. (2019). Proses komunikasi instruksional dalam pembelajaran vakasional. JOEAI (Journal of Education and Instruction), 8(5), 55.

Turner, L. H., & West, R. (2018). Perspectives on Family Communication (5th ed.). McGraw-Hill Higher Education.

Ulfah, Y. F., et al. (2022). Urgensi keterlibatan orang tua dalam pembelajaran daring anak ditinjau dari Filsafat Pendidikan Anak Ibnu Sina. Mamba’ul ’Ulum, 18(1), 67–79.

Uno, H. B. (2016). Teori motivasi dan pengukurannya (13th ed.). Jakarta: Bumi Aksara.

Ushioda, E. (2017). The impact of global English on motivation to learn other languages: Toward an ideal multilingual self. Modern Language Journal, 101(3), 469–482.

Ushioda, E. (2020). Language learning motivation. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780194418911

Usman, A., & Nafliyon, D. (2021). Komunikasi instruksional pada kelas akting online Sanggar Ananda. Jurnal Interaksi : Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 5(1), 1–10.

Wang, et al. (2019). The evolution of communication pedagogy. Journal of Communication Pedagogy, 1(1), 3–8.

Watuliu, J. (2015). Peranan komunikasi keluarga dalam meningkatkan minat belajar Siswa SMU di Desa Warukapas Kecamatan Dimembe Kabupaten Minahasa Utara. Acta Diurna Komunikasi, IV(4).

Yahya, M. (2019). Komunikasi persuasif antara pengajar dan murid dalam meningkatkan motivasi belajar Bahasa Inggris (Studi pada Lembaga Lhok Kaju English Center di Kecamatan Indrajaya Kabupaten Pidie). Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Fakultas Ilmu Sosial & Ilmu Politik, 4(4).

Yustika, & Pribadi, M. H. (2021). Pengaruh komunikasi keluarga terhadap minat belajar Siswa Kelas X SMA Negeri 1 Lawa Kabupaten Muna Barat. Jurnal Akademik FKIP Unidayan, 9(2), 103–109.

Zarrinabadi, N. (2014). Communicating in a second language: Investigating the effect of teacher on learners' willingness to communicate. System, 42, 288-295.

Zhi, R., & Wang, Y. (2023). English as a foreign language teachers’ professional success, loving pedagogy and creativity: A structural equation modeling approach. Elsevier. Thinking Skills and Creativity, 49.

Zulkifli, Z., & Setiawan, A. (2020). The analysis of student learning interest in Islamic Education (PAI) Course at Public Universiti in Bontang. El-Buhuth: Borneo Journal of Islamic Studies, 3(1), 21–38.

How to Cite
Ulfah, Y. F., Alhasbi, F., & Bachtiar, F. (2024). The Language of Learning: Exploring How Family and Instructional Communication Drive English Education Context . Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, 6(1), 44-54.
Abstract viewed = 0 times
PDF downloaded = 0 times