The Effect of Using Social Media on Academic Performance of Faculty Members during Covid-19 Pandemic

Keywords: Academic Performance, Covid-19 Pandemic, Faculty Members, Paradigm-Shift, Social Media

Abstract

The use of social media has increased in schools and universities due to the new norms of teaching and learning during the Covid-19 pandemic. However, this educational paradigm shift requires further surveys to explore the potentials and restrictions, particularly in the context of Afghanistan. Therefore, a quantitative method and descriptive survey design are adopted to examine the effect of using social media (Facebook, WhatsApp, and Telegram) on the academic performance (Mean Scores of GPA) of Afghanistan faculty members who are pursuing their postgraduate studies at Universiti Teknologi Malaysia (UTM). The participants are (N=103 male and female) who are randomly selected. The data is collected through a structured survey google form. Frequency and percentage statistical analysis, Independent-Samples T-test, and Independent-Measures ANOVA are performed as data analysis techniques. The results show a large number of WhatsApp users in terms of frequency and percentage among faculty members of Afghanistan who are using social media. The findings also examine that there is no significant difference between the mean scores of GPA in the academic performance of faculty members using different types of social media. In conclusion, the study contributes to establishing an in-depth understanding of the effect of using social media on the academic performance among faculty members based on the new policies of e-learning implementation by the Ministry of Higher Education during the Covid-19 pandemic.  

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Mohammad Naim Rahim, Kunduz University, Kunduz, Afganistan

Mohammad Naim Rahim is a postgraduate student at UTM (University Technology Malaysia). He is also a Master of Education in TESL from UTM since 2020. Currently, he is working as an Associate Professor at the Kunduz University of Afghanistan. He had been working as Assistant Professor in the Department of English Language and Literature at the Education Faculty of the Kunduz University since 2010. He is also an Alumni of IVLP (International Visitor Leadership Program) from the USA in 2014. In addition, he is a poet, and his first poetry book was published in 2017. He has three new poetry books that are ready for publication. He has also published many journal articles in Scopus Indexed and other indexed Journals focusing on the Future of Education, TESL, Elearning, Innovation in Teaching and Learning, and Blended Learning.

Mohamad Bilal Ali, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Dr. Mohamad Bilal Ali is a professor in Universiti Teknologi Malaysia - UTM,  Johor Bahru, Malaysia. His research interest is robotic in education at primary level to enhance HOTS and PBL, educational technology, secondary education, teacher education, teacher training, and lifelong learning.

References

Abousaber, I., & Oueder, M. (2018). A Study on the Impact of Social Media Usage on Student Academic Performance: University of Tabuk an Example. American Scientific Research Journal for Engineering, Technology, and Sciences, 40(1), 77-88.

Aina, J., F. (2018). Effect of WhatsApp on the Academic Performance of Business Education Students: A Study of Federal College of Education (Technical), (a thesis). Department of Business Education Federal College of Education (Technical), Akoka, Lagos.

Akobirov, F., & Vokhidova, N. (2018). A New Generation of English Learners-Telegram App Users. Published by Canadian Center of Science and Education, 13(1), 51-62.

Alahmar, A., T. (2016). The Impact of Social Media on the Academic Performance of Second Year Medical Students at College of Medicine, University of Babylon, Iraq. Journal of Medical & Allied Sciences, 6(2), 77-83.

East, S. (2016). Teens: This is How Social Media Affects Your Brain. CNN. https://edition.cnn.com/2016/07/12/health/social-media-brain/index.html.

Eberechukwu, A., S., & Queendarline, N., N. (2018). WhatsApp Utilization and Academic Performance of Computer in Education Trainee Teachers in University of Port- Harcourt. International Journal of Education, Learning and Development, 6(5), 15-25.

Ghaemi, F. & Golshan, N. (2017). The Impact of Telegram as a Social Network on Teaching English Vocabulary among Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners. International Journal of Information and Communication Sciences, 2(5), 86-92.

González, M., R., Gasco, J. & Llopis, J. (2016). Facebook and Academic Performance: A Positive Outcome. Anthropologist, 23(1,2), 59-67.

Gravetter, F., J., & Wallnau, L., B. (2013). Statistics for the Behavioral Sciences. USA. Wadsworth, Cengage Learning.

Hashemi, A., & Kew, S. N. (2020). The Effects of Using Blended Learning in Teaching and Learning English: A Review of Literature. International Journal of Eurasia Social Sciences, 18(4),173-179.

Heidar, D., M., & Kaviani, M. (2016). The Social Impact of Telegram as a Social Network on Teaching English vocabulary among Iranian Intermediate EFL Learners. SSYJ, 7(23), 65-76.

Junco, R. (2015). Student Class Standing, Facebook Use, and Academic Performance. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 36(1), 18-29.

Kolan, B., & Dzandza, P. (2018). Effect of Social Media on Academic Performance of Students' in Ghanian Universities: A Case Study of University of Ghana, Legon. Library Philosophy and Practice (ejournal).1637.https://digitalcommons.unl.edu/libphilprac/1637.

Mensah, S., & Nizam I. (2016). The Impact of Social Media on Students’ Academic Performance – A Case of Malaysia Tertiary Institution. International Journal of Education, Learning and Training, 1(1), 14-21.

Musawi, S. Z., & Baktash, J. A. (2021). Identification and Ranking of Cloud-Based Applications in E-Learning of Afghanistan: A Case of Public Universities. Elsya : Journal of English Language Studies, 3(2). https://doi.org/10.31849/elsya.v3i2.5796.

NapoleonCat. (2020). Facebook Users in Afghanistan. January 2020. https://napoleoncat.com/stats/facebook-users-in-Afghanistan/2020/01.

Rahim, M. N. (2019). The Use of Blended Learning Approach in EFL Education. International Journal of Engineering and Advanced Technology, 8(5C), 1165–1168. https://doi: 10.35940/ijeat.E1163.0585C19.

Rahim, M. N., Hui, Y. K., Johari, M. W., Md Noor, N., & Abu Bakar, Z. (2019). Mobile Learning Apps for Language Listening Skill. Proceeding of New Academia Learning Innovation (NALI 2019) Exhibition & Competition, 147-150. eISBN 978-967- 2171-94-2.

Rahim, M. N., & Sandaran, S. C. (2020). EFL Teachers' Perceptions of the Barriers and Opportunities for Implementing eLearning at Afghanistan Universities. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 8(11C), 97–104. https://doi.org/10.13189/ujer.2020.082311.

Rahim, M. N. (2021). The Relationship Between the Time Spent on Facebook and GPA Scores of Post-Graduates. International Journal of Multidisciplinary: Applied Business and Education Research, 2(1), 94-102.http://ijmaberjournal.org/index.php/ijmaber/a rticle/view/74.

Rahim, M. N., & Sandaran, S. C. (2021). The Implementation of E-learning Approach in EFL Education: An Organizational Perspective. Universe International Journal of Interdisciplinary Research, 1(9), 156-168. http://www.doi-ds.org/doilink/03.2021 98353846/UIJIR.

Rahim, M. N., & Chandran, S. C. (2021). Investigating EFL Students’ Perceptions on E-learning Paradigm-Shift During Covid-19 Pandemic. Elsya: Journal of English Language Studies, 3(1), 56-66. https://doi.org/10.31849/elsya.v3i1.5949.

Rahim, M. N. (2021). Post-Pandemic of Covid-19 and the Need for Transforming Education 5.0 in Afghanistan Higher Education. Utamax: Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, 3(1), 29-39. https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v3i1.6166.

Talaue, G., M., AlSaad, A., AlRushaidan, N., AlHugail, A., & AlFahhad, S. (2018). The Impact of Social Media on Academic Performance of Selected College Students. International Journal of Advanced Information Technology, 8(4), 5.

Published
2021-07-30
How to Cite
Rahim, M. N., & Ali, M. B. (2021). The Effect of Using Social Media on Academic Performance of Faculty Members during Covid-19 Pandemic . Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, 3(2), 106-114. https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v3i2.5934
Abstract viewed = 8913 times
PDF downloaded = 1508 times