Scientific Reasoning, Critical Thinking, and Academic Performance in Science of Selected Filipino Senior High School Students

  • Leah Mae F. Farillon Tapaz National High School, Tapaz, Capiz
Keywords: Senior High School, Scientific reasoning skills, Critical thinking skills, Performance in science,, Science subject

Abstract

This correlational study on quantitative in nature was conducted to determine the relationship of scientific reasoning skills, critical thinking skills, and performance in Science of senior high school (SHS) students at Tapaz National High School, Capiz, Philippines. The variables in this study are the six different strands in SHS, namely, Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM); General Academic Strand (GAS); Accountancy, Business, and Management (ABM); Home Economics (HE); Information and Communications Technology (ICT); and Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW). The study used three instruments to quantify its goal with the statistical tools used to analyse data, i.e. the mean, standard deviation, and Pearson's r correlation coefficient. All inferential tests were set at 0.05 alpha level. The findings of the study revealed that the level of scientific reasoning skills of SHS students when taken as a whole was "high", and when grouped according to strand, the STEM, GAS, ABM, HE, and ICT were "high" while the SMAW was on “average” level of critical thinking skills. While when taken as a whole is found "developed" and when grouped according to strand, the STEM, GAS, ABM, HE, and ICT are "developed" while the SMAW is "moderately developed"; and their level of performance in Science, when taken as a whole, is "very satisfactory" and when grouped according to strand, the STEM, GAS, ABM, and HE were "very satisfactory" while the ICT and SMAW are "satisfactory". A significant relationship among the variables was taken as a whole and grouped according to strand. Students should learn to engage in scientific argumentation to develop their scientific reasoning and critical thinking skills. Also, the teachers should build up certain students' skills to better their performance in Science and other subjects. The school administration should also look for more sustainable programs and workshops for the teachers and students to improve their studies and lives.

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Author Biography

Leah Mae F. Farillon, Tapaz National High School, Tapaz, Capiz

Leah Mae Fancubila Farillon is a triple licensed holder as a Physical Therapist Registered in the Philippines (PTRP), Licensed Professional Teacher (LPT), and Licensed Massage Therapist (LMT). She finished her Bachelor of Science in Physical Therapy degree at Manila Adventist College in March 2015 and in the same year took up Professional Educational Units at West Visayas State University-Calinog Campus. She then studied at Remnant Institute Incorporation to become a Department of Health certified Licensed Massage Therapist and landed as Top 3 when she took up the national licensure exam.

She has obtained her degree as Master of Arts in Education Major in Biological Science at West Visayas State University-Main Campus. Currently, she is pursuing a doctorate degree in Curriculum and Instruction at Guimaras State College.

Currently, she is teaching subjects in Science, Technical and Livelihood Education, and Values Education in Tapaz National High School, Poblacion, Tapaz, Capiz, Philippines. She is the designated Subject Coordinator of the Values Department, the Adviser of the Kabataan sa Pambansang Samahan para sa Edukasyon sa Pagpapakatao, the founder and adviser of the school’s Theater Arts Guild Teatrong Pantanghal, and the School Yearbook Adviser. She also manages her Therapy Center and Home Service and a Direct Selling business.

 

Published
2022-03-24
How to Cite
Mae F. Farillon, L. (2022). Scientific Reasoning, Critical Thinking, and Academic Performance in Science of Selected Filipino Senior High School Students. Utamax : Journal of Ultimate Research and Trends in Education, 4(1), 50-62. https://doi.org/10.31849/utamax.v4i1.8284
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