Lecturer Attitudes on Cross-Cultural Practices in EFL Online Teaching

Keywords: Cross-cultural practices, EFL, Higher education, Lecturer attitudes, Online teaching


Most studies on the link between cross-cultural values and language teaching conducted in online settings almost always draw on students’ perspectives, yet few focus on how the attitudes of higher education lecturers in the conduct of this program. Therefore, this study aims to investigate EFL lecturers’ attitudes toward cross-cultural practices during EFL online teaching. A qualitative approach with observation and semi-structured interviews via face-to-face and online meetings is used to collect the data in this research. Using purposive sampling, this study employs four EFL lecturers from Muhammadiyah university as selected participants based on their experiences in teaching cultural-integrated classes at both offline and online schemes. The study discovered that EFL lecturers understand cross-cultural practices in EFL online teaching to be associated with personality traits, language roles, and understanding of local culture as a way to incorporate cross-cultural knowledge into their teaching. To foster effective interaction in the class, lecturers focus on conveying opinions and maintaining communication by understanding with whom to speak, where to speak, and ways to speak. These essences and fundamental attributes influence cross-cultural practices in EFL online teaching. The study reveals that cultural differences, incorrect expressions such as a lack of appropriate word choices, and a mismatch of verbal and nonverbal language can cause cross-cultural teaching barriers. Furthermore, the need to create an authentic environment, increase intercultural knowledge, and eliminate cultural stereotypes is to be addressed as cross-cultural teaching strategies in an EFL online teaching context.


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Author Biographies

Andi Nurhikmah, Universitas Muhammadiyah Bulukumba, Bulukumba, Indonesia

Andi Nurhikmah is a PhD in bilingual communicative competence. She is a professional lecturer in the English language education study program at the faculty of teacher training and education at Universitas Muhammadiyah Bulukumba, Indonesia. Her research focuses on bilingualism and communicative competence.


Anugerah Febrian Syam, Universitas Muhammadiyah Bulukumba, Bulukumba, Indonesia

Anugerah Febrian Syam is a PhD in intercultural communicative competence. Currently, he is an EFL lecturer in the English language education study program at the faculty of teacher training and education, Universitas Muhammadiyah Bulukumba, Indonesia. His research interests are intercultural competence, communication, and ELT.

Sumrah AP, Universitas Muhammadiyah Bulukumba, Bulukumba, Indonesia

Sumrah AP is a PhD in sociology from Universitas Hasanuddin. She is currently the faculty dean of education and teacher training at Universitas Muhammadiyah Bulukumba, Indonesia. Her research concerns on the environment and social studies.


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How to Cite
Nurhikmah, A., Syam, A. F., & AP, S. (2023). Lecturer Attitudes on Cross-Cultural Practices in EFL Online Teaching. Elsya : Journal of English Language Studies, 5(1), 27-44. https://doi.org/10.31849/elsya.v5i1.11588
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