Critical Discourse Analysis: The Negative Representation of the French President in France's English Online News

  • Yulia Anggraeni Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Elvi Citraresmana Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
  • Eko Wahyu Koeshandoyo Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia
Keywords: Critical Discourse Analysis, Discursive Strategy, French President Emmanuel Macron, Negative Representation, Nomination strategy, Predication Strategy


There is a scarcity of Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) studies on the representation of social actors in news media, thus this study addressed this research gap by analysing the way news represented the French President Emmanuel Macron, regarding his controversial support of Samuel Paty, a history teacher in France who was murdered because he showed a cartoon of Prophet Muhammad in his class. This research aims to see the representation of Emmanuel Macron from the perspective of the French media, The Connexion France, which published their news in English language online to reach world-wide audience.  Four articles of the news were purposively selected for this CDA study, which were published from October 18 until November 1, 2020. The French President’s representation was analysed with the nomination and predication strategies.  Results showed that the Connexion France uses four nomination strategies to refer Emmanuel Macron. The professional anthroponyms refer to Emmanual Macron as “the President”, proper names as “Emmanuel Macron” to be the centre of the discourse, synecdoche as “Emmanuel Macron”, and deixis as “he” to avoid repetition the subject of the text. Two predication strategies were also used, the explicit predicate of how the President “has promised” action against Islamists and presupposition from the way the news linked pictures of boycotted French supermarket products with the President. This research provides a take on fresh news with CDA and can beneficial for the students who learn English language by showing how the media uses language for political figures.


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Author Biographies

Yulia Anggraeni, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia

Yulia Anggraeni, S.Pd is a student of postgraduate in Faculty of Cultural Sciences Universitas Padjadjaran. She earned his bachelor's degree in 2018. She is an English teacher for middle and high school. She is nominated as Duta Bahasa Jawa Barat in the year of 2016. She also got fourth place in Duta Baca Jawa Barat Competition. She is active in literacy activities. She likes to read and write.

Elvi Citraresmana, Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia

Dr. Elvi Citraresmana is currently a lecturer in Faculty of Cultural Sciences Universitas Padjadjaran.  She received her Doctoral Degree from Universitas Padjadjaran in the year of 2011 and Universitas Indonesia in the year of 2014. Corpus linguistics and semantic cognitive are her research specialty and  interests. She has many linguistics-related publications. She has also written number of books in the area of linguistics, such as Ungkapan dan Peribahasa Pembentuk Karakter Bangsa (Unpas Press, 2017), Ungkapan dan Peribahasa Sunda dan Padanannya dalam Bahasa Indonesia (Unpad Press, 2017), Metode dan Strategi Penelitian Linguistik (Unpad Press, 2016), and Pragmatik (Unpas Press, 2015).

Eko Wahyu Koeshandoyo , Universitas Padjadjaran, Bandung, Indonesia

Dr. Eko Wahyu Koeshandoyo, S.S., M.Hum is a lecturer in Faculty of Cultural Sciences Universitas Padjadjaran. He received his Master's degree from Universitas Padjadjaran in the year of 2007 and a Doctoral Degree from Universitas Padjadjaran in the year of 2017. He has experience teaching English since 1993. He is interested in music, cooking, hiking, film and photography.


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How to Cite
Anggraeni, Y., Citraresmana, E., & Koeshandoyo , E. W. (2021). Critical Discourse Analysis: The Negative Representation of the French President in France’s English Online News. Elsya : Journal of English Language Studies, 4(2).
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