Describing the Students’ Grammatical Errors on Spoken English
This present study describes the students’ grammatical errors on spoken English based on the classifications of errors refer to Dulay, Burt and Krashen’s theories. Qualitative method was used in the study. Oral test was used as the research instrument. There were 25 participants of English education study program of Timor University who were chosen randomly as the research sample. The Tape Video Recording (TVR) was used to gain data of spoken English. There were five techniques in analyzing the data: transcription, codification, classification, analyses and discussion. The results of data analyses revealed that omission presented 40,87% of errors. Then; addition presented 31,74% and misformation presented 15%. The misorderning was categorized as the lowest score with 12,30%. In linguistic category; the data showed that verb was categorized as the highest errors which presented 19% of errors. The next error was preposition which presented 17%. Then pronouns category presented 14% of errors. The conjunction and article categories presented 11% of errors on spoken English. The singular/plural and negation categories presented 10% of errors for each category. The lowest error of linguistic category was word order which presented 8% errors. The findings showed that the students still make errors on linguistic category on spoken English. There was a phenomenon in this finding that the students tend to use verb-ing instead of using verb-1 in the spoken English. They dispose to add and omit any linguistic category unconsciously when they speak.
Batko, Ann & Rosenheim.(2004). When Bad Grammar Happens to Good People; How to Avoid Common Errors in English. USA: Career Press.
Brown, Douglas H. (2000). Principle of Language and Teaching, addision Wesley: Longman.
Celce-Murcia, M, (ed). (1995). Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language, Third Edition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.
Creswell, W. J. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches.Fourth Edition. London: Sage Paublication Inc.
Dulay, H. Burt, M. Krashen, S. (1982). Language Two.Oxford University Press. New York
Harmer, Jeremy. (1983). The practice of English Language Teaching. Long¬man. USA
Hie Ting, Su-Hie. Mahadhir, Mahanita. Chang, Siew-Lee. (2010). Grammatical Errors in Spoken English of University Students In Oral Communication Course.GEMA. Online™ Journal of Language Studies 53 Volume 10 (1) 2010 ISSN: 1675-8021
Krishnasamy, Jothimalar. (2015). Grammatical Error Analysis in Writing of ESL Diploma Students.Asian Journal of Education and e-Learning (ISSN: 2321 – 2454) Volume 03 – Issue 01, February 2015 Asian Online Journals (www.ajouronline.com)
Ma’mun, Nadiah. (2016). The Grammatical Errors on the Paragraph Writings. Jurnal Vision, Volume 5 Number 1, April 2016
Use of articles will be governed by the Creative Commons Attribution - ShareAlike license as currently displayed on Creative Commons Attribution - ShareAlike 4.0 International License (CC BY-SA)
The author warrants that the article is original, written by stated author(s), has not been published before, contains no unlawful statements, does not infringe the rights of others, is subject to copyright that is vested exclusively in the author and free of any third party rights, and that any necessary written permissions to quote from other sources have been obtained by the author(s).
ELT-Lectura Studies and Perspective in English Language Teaching's spirit is to disseminate articles published are as free as possible. Under the Creative Commons license, Halaman Olahraga Nusantara permits users to copy, distribute, display, and perform the work. Users will also need to attribute authors and ELT-Lectura Studies and Perspective in English Language Teaching on distributing works in the journal and other media of publications.
4. Rights of Authors
Authors retain all their rights to the published works, such as (but not limited to) the following rights;
1. Copyright and other proprietary rights relating to the article, such as patent rights,
2. The right to use the substance of the article in own future works, including lectures and books,
3. The right to reproduce the article for own purposes,
4. The right to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the article's published version (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgment of its initial publication in this journal ELT-Lectura Studies and Perspective in English Language Teaching.
If the article was jointly prepared by more than one author, any authors submitting the manuscript warrants that he/she has been authorized by all co-authors to be agreed on this copyright and license notice (agreement) on their behalf, and agrees to inform his/her co-authors of the terms of this policy. ELT-Lectura Studies and Perspective in English Language Teaching will not be held liable for anything that may arise due to the author(s) internal dispute. ELT-Lectura Studies and Perspective in English Language Teaching will only communicate with the corresponding author.
Being an open accessed journal and disseminating articles for free under the Creative Commons license term mentioned, author(s) aware that ELT-Lectura Studies and Perspective in English Language Teaching entitles the author(s) to no royalties or other fees.