Describing the Students’ Grammatical Errors on Spoken English

  • Imanuel Kamlasi Universitas Timor
Keywords: errors, grammar, spoken


This present study describes the students’ grammatical errors on spoken English based on the classifications of errors refer to Dulay, Burt and Krashen’s theories. Qualitative method was used in the study. Oral test was used as the research instrument. There were 25 participants of English education study program of Timor University who were chosen randomly as the research sample. The Tape Video Recording (TVR) was used to gain data of spoken English. There were five techniques in analyzing the data: transcription, codification, classification, analyses and discussion. The results of data analyses revealed that omission presented 40,87% of errors. Then; addition presented 31,74% and misformation presented 15%. The misorderning was categorized as the lowest score with 12,30%. In linguistic category; the data showed that verb was categorized as the highest errors which presented 19% of errors. The next error was preposition which presented 17%. Then pronouns category presented 14% of errors. The conjunction and article categories presented 11% of errors on spoken English. The singular/plural and negation categories presented 10% of errors for each category. The lowest error of linguistic category was word order which presented 8% errors. The findings showed that the students still make errors on linguistic category on spoken English. There was a phenomenon in this finding that the students tend to use verb-ing instead of using verb-1 in the spoken English. They dispose to add and omit any linguistic category unconsciously when they speak.


Download data is not yet available.


Batko, Ann & Rosenheim.(2004). When Bad Grammar Happens to Good People; How to Avoid Common Errors in English. USA: Career Press.

Brown, Douglas H. (2000). Principle of Language and Teaching, addision Wesley: Longman.

Celce-Murcia, M, (ed). (1995). Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language, Third Edition. Rowley, MA: Newbury House.

Creswell, W. J. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches.Fourth Edition. London: Sage Paublication Inc.

Dulay, H. Burt, M. Krashen, S. (1982). Language Two.Oxford University Press. New York

Harmer, Jeremy. (1983). The practice of English Language Teaching. Long¬man. USA

Hie Ting, Su-Hie. Mahadhir, Mahanita. Chang, Siew-Lee. (2010). Grammatical Errors in Spoken English of University Students In Oral Communication Course.GEMA. Online™ Journal of Language Studies 53 Volume 10 (1) 2010 ISSN: 1675-8021

Krishnasamy, Jothimalar. (2015). Grammatical Error Analysis in Writing of ESL Diploma Students.Asian Journal of Education and e-Learning (ISSN: 2321 – 2454) Volume 03 – Issue 01, February 2015 Asian Online Journals (

Ma’mun, Nadiah. (2016). The Grammatical Errors on the Paragraph Writings. Jurnal Vision, Volume 5 Number 1, April 2016

How to Cite
Kamlasi, I. (2019). Describing the Students’ Grammatical Errors on Spoken English. ELT-Lectura, 6(1), 83-91.
Abstract viewed = 724 times
PDF downloaded = 1023 times